Glass History in Iran

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 Writed Date : 07/17/2013   ( Last Edit : 1/9/2017 )

Glass History in Iran

History of glass
The oldest glass in Iran belongs to the second millennium BC. Samples are obtained from the second millennium until BC, including: censers, bangles, numerous statues, and bowls, ...   .  Sasanian artists had special skills in scraping glass. Sasanian glass highly valued in China, especially they precious blue glass.
Base cups with embossed ring, remains from Parthian and sasanian period. Islamic glass containers are influenced by pre Islamic designs. From Seljuk period until Mongol invasion, beautiful glass dishes and applications are produced in Gorgan glass furnace, that were thin as a paper and sometimes enamel , scrape and carving. Seljuk time is the height of glass industry in Iran.

The circulation of glass industry is significant in Tymar period. Glass-blowers from Egypt and Syria came to Iran and glasses like Iranian glass were transport to Egypt and Syria. This time Samarkand and Shiraz were two main glass industry centers in Iran. From this time until Shah Abbas period this art was declined and with making lights for mosques and bottles this art again was revived. Shah Abbas brought venizian glass- blowers to Iran to revive this industry.
Consequently glass- blowing revived in Safavy period. Sometimes they made glass by blowing into the frame and sometimes they scraped glass to come in gem form or made a pattern on it by engraving. Also sometimes they made enamel and golden glass with brilliant patterns. This time glass work shops were established in some Iranian cities like Isfahan, Shiraz and Kashan.



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